Bihar Board Class 12th English Essay Writing Important Questions
Computers are an electronic device that help us perform arithmetical and logical operations at a fast speed. In ancient times there was abacus to do calculations; later on some other instruments were devised to perform special types of calculations.
Twentieth-century witnessed the development of computers that can perform multiple tasks of storing information systematically and retrieving that in a short time. Many varieties of computers are in use today — desktop, laptop, tablet etc. Even smartphones are fitted with computers. Basically, computers are made up of two components — hardware and software. Hardware consists of all physical objects such as keyboard, motherboard, chips etc. Software is the internal programming that enables computers to perform specific tasks.
Internet is run on computers. It is the greatest storehouse of information on all subjects. Students and academicians have become dependent on internet. There is no need to write notes on paper; they can be written in M S Word and can be e-mailed all over the world. Computers have become essential for ordinary people as well as professionals.
Secularism is today used as an antonym to religious belief. It is correct in this sense that in the beginning secular was used as being opposite to the Church. It was first of all used in the field of education – all those subjects like history, philosophy, mathematics and science that did not deal with religious issues were called secular.
Today secularism has acquired a strict political connotation. Except for a few countries that are known for their religious bias, most of the countries profess that they follow the policy of secularism, that is, of total non-discrimination in the field of law and administration.
Every person living in a country is allowed perfect freedom to follow his mode of worship; communities are permitted to build their places of religious worship and congregation. This is the need of the hour as well. No country has a homogeneous population. People of many divergent beliefs and ideals are living in India, US, UK, Russia, China and other countries. Our country is also secular.
Secularism is part of the Preamble of the Indian Constitution, introduced by way of 42nd amendment in 1976. It guarantees to each individual freedom to profess and propagate religion and assures strict impartiality.
Cleanliness is today a national campaign in India. Gandhiji, though very appreciative of the Indian way of living, was critical of the general lack of cleanliness in India. He always spoke of the need of cleanliness of surroundings.
As a matter of fact, cleanliness is a personal habit and almost a compulsion.
Can we wear dirty clothes ? Can we remain unwashed ? Can we put up with a person who has a dirty and shabby appearance ? Indian women sweep the floor, scrub it with a duster as their first duty in the morning. Everybody brushes and bathes and then puts on clean clothes.
But this spirit of cleanliness is sadly not extended to our surroundings. Lanes, streets and even roadside areas are left dirty, garbage and nightsoil piling up here and there. We drink mineral water, take cold drinks and throw away empty bottles on road.
That is why there is a need for cleanliness drive. We should not depend on the municipal corporation. We should Volunteer to keep our roads and streets clean and give up the habit of throwing waste just anywhere. Only then a clean India will take shape.
Employment is a basic need of every grown up person. One needs a job in order to maintain oneself and one’s family. There was a time when traditional occupations fulfilled this vital need easily. Men and women stepped into the professions of their elders and forefathers.
Things have taken a bad turn these days in every country. New jobs and professions have come up; but the competition is so high that even skilled and the highly educated people have difficulty in finding a job. The result is that many young people are taking to criminal activities to meet their personal needs.
The solution is not easy. In the first place the governments have to link education with job opportunities. A regular assessment of viable jobs should be made. Men should also be encouraged to start their own business. The recent steps taken up by the Govt, of India have been successful – many small scale industries have come up to generate employment. It is a very good sign that many IIT graduates have built up innovative business by forming groups of their own. However, it must be admitted that long-term steps are needed to solve unemployment.
5. World Cup 2015 Or, A Cricket Match
Having been disappointed completely by the exit of India from the world cup it took me some time before I could switch on TV to watch the final struggle between New Zealand and Australia. The three of us my dad, Abhishek and myself-had now sympathy for the New Zealand that had qualified for the match for the first time.
We clapped when New Zealand won the toss. But in fifteen minutes Guptill was out at only fifteen runs; McCullum was out at only three runs. This was a bad omen. We just remained glued to TV; but it was a great emotional effort on our part as the other batsmen of New Zealand could not support the team.
In 45 overs New Zealand could secure only 183 runs. The match was already infavour of Australia and in just 33 1 overs is secured 186 runs and inflicted defeat on New Zealand by seven wickets. The star players on the Australian side were Michael Clarke, Steve Smith and David Warner. This was the end of the World Cup 2015 with the crown black with Australia.
6. A Visit To A Historical Place
Our history teacher persuaded our Principal to allow us to visit the temple of Konark. The Principal was not ready to allow us to go to such a distant place. But our teacher convinced him of the value of the place.
Already when we were jn our train our teacher explained to us the achievement of the Hindu architects who is early centuries had shown great scientific expertise and skill in the construction of temples.
After a nightlong journey we reached Puri where we stayed at a hotel. The very sight of the sea where we went for a bath refreshed us. Then around noon we proceeded for Konark. We took a local guide also’. And in an hour we were at the gate of the temple. I was particularly impressed by the huge chariot.
The guide explained in detail the architecture and style of the temple. Our teacher noted down a few facts which he said he would discuss in the classroom. The sun is the primary source of energy in the world and it is quite fitting that there should be a magnificent temple to the god of light.
7. English as International Language or, English as World Language
English has become today the widely spoken language on earth. Every tenth person in the world is using English as his primary tongue. More that 70% of the world’s mail is written and addressed in English. Most importantly, it is the language of web. Any person who wishes to visit website must be some knowledge of English.
One of the reasons of the phenomenal spread of English is its rich and luxuriant vocabulary which is cosmopolitan in character. Throughout the centuries it has borrowed freely and profusely form almost every important language of the world. There are Arabic, Dutch, Italian, Persian Sanskrit, and even Chinese words in today’s English. Alcohol, algebra, chemistry are Arabic; brandy, gold, duck are Dutch; guru, pundit, juggernaut are Sanskrit; mandarin, poker, ping pong are Chinese.
8. My New Year Resolutions
This is the last week of December. There is a chill in the air. The wind becomes so cold in the evening that we have stopped remaining out doors. But a new hope is stirring in the hearts of the old and the young. They are very eager to welcome the New year.
I am also planning for the New Year’s Day along with my friends of the colony I am also trying to make resolutions for the New Year. I have spoken to may father and mom about it. And they have offered many suggestions regarding new interests and new activities that I could take up in the new year.
I have decided to do some regular exercises of Yoga every day. One day I practised a few breating and posture exercises from which I felt more refreshed, more energetic. I have therefore decided to leam some exercises from Sharma uncle and practise them regularly in the morning.
I have further decided to cut my hours of TV watching. No more cartoons, no more viewing of sports events. I wish to watch a few educational programmes and, of course, news coverage.
In the last I wish to take up study of literary classics. I felt jealous when I found Amrit replaying to questions on However, Virgil and Milton with great confidence in the last quiz. 1 would like to begin with The Iliad. My God help me keep my resolutions.
Over the last few years terrorism has become the greatest challenge before the modem would. The attack on twin towers of World Trade Centre in the USA in September 2001 is quite fresh in the minds of the people.
Terrorism is an act of deliberate violence against a government, the civilians and the armed personnel of a country to achieve political aims. Cross border terrorism is a new variety in which members of a terrorist group enter a country claudestinely, run training camps in remote forests, induct local young people and carry out their destructive activities with greater success. Jammu and Kashmir and eastern states in India have been a victim of the kind of terrorism.
The countries of the world have to make councerted efforts to Curb terorism. The young people require to be made aware of the threats of terrorism. A greater cooperation between the police and the detective agencies in also required.
10. Cruelty Against Women
In the last two years there has been a shocking increase in the number of -incidents of violence against women in India women are not safe in Delhi, Bombay, Jaipur or in small towns and villages.
This development in quite shameful. In recent years India has made considerable economic development. But all this comes to a cipher when our women are not safe. It is to address these problem that a new act against the atrocities of women was passed by the Parliament.
It may now be possible to award harsh punishments to people who try to harass women. But law is not enough. We have to make every office and educational institution and public places safe for women. We have to see that young girls go told schools and colleges with out fear. The number of working women is increasing. We have to provide safe working environment for them. We must, in short, take every step that assures our women a dignified place in the society.
11. Our Environment
When we move a sound, either within our town, or go to other towns and cities we are pained to see how our forests, rivers, mountains and trees have been badly affect in the name of industrial development. Forests have been cut, trees have been felled, gallons of waste are allowed to flow directly into the Ganga and the Jamuna and hills havebeen blown by dynamite to obtain minerals or stone chips.
Yet much survives in the natural world even after this daily raw age. We must protect, in a systematic and scientific way, what ever remains of our rivers and forests. We can restrict the follow of drains and waste into rivers; we can build up alternative channels. Only concerted effort on the part of the government and the voluntary organisations can help us in maintaining the ecological balance without which cannot have healthy food grains, pure drinking water or pure air.
12. Rising Prices Of Essential Commodities
There was a time when prices of foodgrains, edible oils and vegetables used to remain fixed for a long time. We hear form our grand fathers about rice being sold at one hundred rupees a quintal. The gold age of stable prices has simply disappeared Now prices of essential commodities changes at least every month, if not every week. People are particularly apprehensive about prices of petroleum products and LPG cylinder. Onion has got the notoriety of bringing tears merely by the mention of its price. Pulses have acquired the same notoriety.
The situation has because so grain that even a child is sensitive to it as he hears his parents and elders taking about prices rise and making hopeless strategies of running family expenses. Even periodic rise in dearness allowance of government must set up local agencies to monitor the prices, to check hoarding and black marketing. Above all, the government must keep prices of petrol and diesel in check.
13. My Aim In Life
Ever since I saw my cousin, Mrityunjay, moving in a big car fitted with all equipment to record and transmit video clips of meetings, events and public demonstrations a debate is going on in my mind. What should I do—to become a doctor or a media man? The more I give a thought to it the more inclamed I feel towards becoming a journalist. Even if I get a job in a print media I will be happier.
Ajoumalist’s world has no limits. Today he is in-his own country, tomorrow he may be in the UK or France or at a war-front. He is always witness to exciting events be if a grand state ceremony, a mass demonstration or the launch of a space craft. He records all charge that is taking place in human life, he interprets this change and helps common men, business men, scientists and even politicians take right decisions. I cannot now sit idle; 1 have to prepare myself for this great career.
14. Life Of The Old Men
The breakdown of the joint family system is India has very adversely affected the lives of the old men. With their sons and daughters away in metropolistan cities or in foreign countries on account of jobs, most of them are left completely above and helpless at a stage of life which is rightly called second childhood. When they need support they find that they have been left to the mercy of fate.
In a few cases when they happen to be living with their children they find that their lives have been confined to a single room. They cannot meet guests nor can have social life of their own physical problems like joint pains, disorders of heat, weaknesses of different sorts require extra expenses and nursing.
They find that their children or grand children being to ignore then after a time. This is a sad state of affairs in a country where there is so much emphasis on worship of ancestors. The government has taken some measures to improve the condition of the old people. But basically, it in the duty of children to care for them.
15. Technical Education
The superiority of Europe was established due to the industrial Revolution that occurred in the sixteenth century. It enabled European countries to quicken production of material goods in such a manner as to inspire them to expand their markets. And the lesson has been learnt by all countries in the world. It is now believed that without technical education which enables man to use applications of science, development of a society, is not possible.
The backwardness of India has been attributed to the lack of technical education. But after independence the government as well as private groups have given importance to the founding of engineering and medical colleges. During the last two decades many institutions have been founded where training in computer operation is given.
Technical education provides country with the personnel who solve problems of communication, rural health and development, population, supply of drinking water and maintenance of defence force in a scientific manners.
16. A Pilgrimage
My grandmother always wished to visited the holy shrine of Vaishno Devi. This summer vacation grandfather took us all to Jammu from where we reached Katra in one and half hour. It is from Katra that the trekking for the shrine starts. The next morning we had our registration slips and then we started the journey. We wished to cover the fourteen kilometer route on foot. But grandfather realzed it would be risky. So we based horses.
We stopped half-way for tea and snacks. It was quite exciting to look at the Trikuta mountains enveloped in the clouds. The ground was simply invisible. At last we reached the newly constructed Bhavan. We must have stayed in quene for about thirty minutes after which a serpentine walk led us to the door of the cave within which stood the three stone slabs supposed to be three principal forms of the Almighty Mother. It was a moment of bliss. People shouted or changed mantras or recited bhajans. It was ecstasy that had overtaken us all. we prayed humbly and left in a stale of great happiness and bliss.
17. Hundred Years Of Indian Cinema
In 2013 Indian cinema is celebrating its journey of a hundred years. It was in 1913 that the first silent movie, a mytholgical Raja Harishchandra, was produced by Dadasahep Phalke. Since then Indian cinema has covered a long distance. From Bombay it has moved to Calcutta, Hydrabad, Chennai and several cities where films are today produced in a number of Indian languages
There is of course a change of content and style when we turn from Hindia films to vernacular films. But he salient feature is the same—family and social issues, romance, songs, erotic locations with a sure touch of comedy continue to be the main elements of an Indin film.
In more them one way the Hindi films have represented the cultural temper of India. They have been very popular in Russia, China and all the Asian countries. The element of music was very strong in the old Hindi films. People still like the songs of Mohammed Rafi, Mukesh and Lata Mangeshkar from the films of the fifties and sixties. And who can forget Satyajit Ray who, in his presentation of nuances of culture, social issues and the community life was so
18. My Favourite Book
So far I have read only a few novels, plays and short stories, My uncle it was who gave me an anthology of short stories of Premchand. and I continue to love his writings. When in thick of one book which continues to haunt me I can certainly name Godan.
Published in the late thirties, it is the inaturest work of Premchand. Here is the life of Hori, a small farmer, living in a village of Uttar Pradesh where Premchand hailed from. The life of a village, its people, their bonds with one another, their quarrels and jealousies have never been so well documented in any other work. But the importance of the novel lies in including characters form the nearby city. They represent the progressive force, the political power, and the modem ideas of equality and justice.
The focus is, however, on Hori, his family life and the ultimate tragic end. Being simple and generous, the falls a victim to the unjust treatment of his younger brother, to the tricky money lenders, to the changes in the village life.
But more pathetically it is his passion for the cow, the legendary symbol of Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth, that finally rains him. Hence the title of the novel, referring to the ritual of donating a cow to a brahmin before death for a happy journey to heavens which Hari is denied because of abject poverty.
19. My Favourite Season
People react sharply when I tell them that I like winter the most. There is a reason behind this disapproval of the people. In the last ten years the fall in temperature has been very sharp and also quite universal. These was a time :
when only Simla, Kashmir and Jalandhar were known as places of snowfall and extreme cold. But form Delhi to Patna, from Calcutta to Ahmedabad, cold winds. continue to upset the lives of the old and the young right form the first weak of ! December to the end of February Winter has now a longer spell in India.
And yet I like it most. In the first place it gives me an opportunity to cover myself in the best woollen clothes my parents can afford for me. A new pullover or jacket is regularly added to my wardrobe. Then nobody asks me to bathe everyday. I can bathe only when I am in the right mood.
Generally schools are closed from X-Mas to the first fortnight of January. I am free from the drudgery of homework and other lessons. And I greatly enjoy my evenings in the drawing rooms, sitting by a heater and drinking endless cups coffee and simply talking to mother and sister.
20. The Indian Monsoon
Monsoon is derived from Arabic mausam and it has come to mean rains caused by seasonal reversal in the direction of wind. In India this occurs around the first week of June every year known as the breaking of monsoon this phenomenon is called also the Indian monsoon. Strong winds blowing at an average speed of thirty kilometers per hour cover the entire country. They are associated with thunder, lightning and heavy downpour.
Now after three mouths of scorching summer in the Indian plains the monsoon is a greatly welcome events every year. It provides not only relief from heat but also prepares the fields for cultivation. Farmers therefore celebrate the monsoon through songs addressed to the raingod.
The whole landscape acquires a colourful look. Trees and leaves look bright green. The earth is covered with fresh grass. Flowers blossom is gardens and forest. In hilly areas, the flow of rivulets fills the atomosphere with a variety of sounds as they are mixed with ecotic cries of birs and frogs.
21. Importance Of Female Education
It is a pity that even after more than six decade of independence female educations is India continues to be neglected. Though in towns and cities we find girls enrolling them selves in schools, colleges and universities, there is a large number of girls belonging to poor families remaining uneducated.
This is a very sad state of affairs. The state governments in India have ’ woken up to this fact and have launched many schemes to promote female education. It is a welcome step in which voluntary organisations are also associated. We must understand that only educated women will be able to solve issues related to them and to children. An educated women would be able to take care of the health of her children; she would see to it that they get nourishing food and spend their time in healthy activities.
She can supervise their education at home, help them understand the concepts at of civics, hygienic and elementary science. And above all only an educated woman can enjoy financial independence by taking up jobs she is qualified for. She will be a true asset to society; she will not then be a member of the weaker sex.
22. Women Empowerment
The current emphasis on women empowerment in India and many Asian countries is a very right stem. Howing a comprehensive goal; it aims mainly ai providing education to women, opening all kinds of jobs to them and reserving; seats for them in various legislative bodies.
Education is the key component of these scheme. Education will open the minds, make them understands the milien, help them form opinions on social and political issues, and provides the women the strength to participate in every activity of social life. Closely linked to education is the financial independence. Women cannot lead a meaningful life unless they are provided facilities to support themselves.
It is said that the work you do forms your mind and character. When a woman works within the confines of a household, can she develop a personality of her own ?
Reservation of seats for women in panchayat, state legislature and parliament in also being seen as a powerful instrument to help them achieve a more dignified status. But it must not be done in a hasty manner; it should always be backed by educational programme.