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Panorama English Book Class 9 Solutions Chapter 8 My Childhood
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Bihar Board Class 9 English My Childhood Text Book Questions and Answers
A. Answer the following questions orally:
Who is the only scientist to have become the President of India?
Dr A. P. J. Abdul Kalam is the only, scientist to have become the president of India.
Name any three scholars who have been the present of India?
Dr. Rajendra Prasad. Dr. S.P. Radha Krishnan, Dr. Zakir Hussain.
Who is called the Missile man of India?
Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam is called the Missile man of India.
Do you remember any childhood experience of your own? If yes, narrate your experience.
When I was a child, it so happened that I was in a morning walk with my father. I had a glance at a beautiful park in front of a big house. There were so many beautiful flowers of different colours. I had a kind of weakness for rose flowers. So I sneaked into the garden to get a few flowers. No sooner did I enter the garden, a fierce-looking dog pounced upon me. He started barking and I started screaming. I was trying to save myself. When the lady of the house came rushing and saved me. She did not scold me but advised me not to enter any one’s garden without the master’s permission. I realised it was my great experience.
B.1.1. Write ‘T’ for true and ‘F’ for false statements:
- Kalam was born in a high-class family.
- Kalam was eight years old when the Second World War broke out.
- India joined the Allied Forces.
- Jalaluddin helped Kalam earn his first wages.
- Kalam is now ashamed of how he earned his own money for the first time.
- Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam was born in a Tamil family at Rameswaram in Madras.
- — F
- — T
- — T
- — F
- — F
- — T
B.1.2. Answer the following questions very briefly:
Who were the parents of Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam?
Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam’s father was Jainulabdeen and mother was Ashiamma.
When was his ancestral house built?
His ancestral house was built in the middle of the nineteenth century.
When did the Second World War break out?
The Second World War broke out in 1939 A.D.
B.2.1. Write ‘T’ for true and ‘F’ for false statements:
- Kalam had three close friends: Ramanadha Sastry, Aravindan and Siva Prakasan.
- All the three boys were from orthodox Hindu Brahmin families.
- The ancestral business of their family was cooking.
- Events from the Ramayana and from the life of the Prophet were the bedtime stories that his mother and grandmother used to tell the children.
- — T
- — T
- — F
- — T
B. 2.2. Fill in the blanks with the appropriate words from the text:
- Pakshi Lakshmana Sastry was the high _________ of Rameshwaram Temple.
- During the annual ________ Ceremony our family used to arrange boats for a special platform for carrying idols from the temple to the marriage site.
- Kalam used to wear _________ which marked him as Muslim.
- He used to sit in front ________ next to Ramanadha Sastry.
- Shri Sita Ram Kalyanam
- a cap.
B. 2. 3. Answer the following questions very briefly:
What qualities did he inherit from his parents?
He inherited honesty and self-discipline from his father and from his mother. He inherited faith in goodness and deep kindness.
What was the occupation of his family?
His family used to arrange boats with a special platform for carrying idols of the lord from the temple to the marriage site.
How did the new teacher behave with Kalam and what did he do?
The new teacher could not stomach a Hindu priest’s son sitting with a Muslim boy. He asked Kalam to go and sit on the backbench.
What profession did his three friends adopt on growing adult?
Ramnadha Sastry took over the priesthood of the Rameswaram temple from his father. Arvind went into the business of arranging transport for visiting Pilgrims and Sivaprakasan became a catering contractor for the Southern Railways.
How many brothers and sisters did Kalam have?
Kalam has three brothers and one sister.
B.3.1. Fill in the blanks with appropriate words from the text:
- Kalam’s father Jainulabdeen possessed great ________ wisdom and a true _______ of sprit.
- The Second World War broke out in _________
- Rameswaram. his birthplace, is an ________
- He had a very secure ________ both materially and emotionally.
- Samsuddin helped Kalam to _________ his first wages.
- Kalam’s ancestral house was built in the middle of _______ century.
- innate, generosity
- island town,
- nineteenth (19th).
B.3.2. Answer the following questions briefly.
Point out the modes and manners of Sivasubramania Iyer, Kalam’s Science teacher?
Kalam’s Science teacher Sivasubramaria Iyer did his best to break social barriers so that people from varying backgrounds could mingle easily. He used to spend hours with Kalam and even invite him for a meal in his house.
Who was the eleventh President of India?
Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam was the eleventh President of India.
Who was the man whose projects in space, defence and nuclear technology guided India into the twenty-first century?
Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam projects in space, defence and nuclear technology guided India into the twenty-first century.
Where did Kalam go for his higher studies after leaving Rameswaram?
Kalam went at the district headquarters in Ramanathapuram for his higher studies after leaving Rameswaram.
B.3.3. Answer the following questions very briefly:
Why did Sivasubramania Iyer invite Kalam to his house? What was the reaction of Iyer’s wife?
Sivasubramania Iyer Kalam’s science teacher invited Kalam to his house for a meal. Iyer, though an orthodox Brahmin with a very conservative wife. He wanted people to develop religious tolerance.
When was India’s freedom declared imminent?
Indian freedom was declared imminent when the Sec¬ond World War was over.
C. Long Answer Type Questions
Elucidate the circumstances leading to a materially and emotionally secured childhood of Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam.
Kalam was one of the live children of his parents. They lived in their ancestral house which was fairly a packhouse. his father used o avoid all inessential comforts and luxuries. However, all necessities were provided for, in terms of food, medicine or clothes. In lad, he would say he was a very secure childhood both materially and emotionally.
Describe the circumstances which helped Kalam in earning his first wages during the outbreak of the Second World War.
It was the time of the Second World War. India was forced to join the Allied Forces and a kind of a state of emergency was declared. As a result, the train halt at Rameswaram was suspended. The bundles of newspapers were thrown out of the moving train. They had to be collected. Now, Abdul Kalam’s cousin Samsuddin wanted a helping hand to catch the bundles. So, he engaged Abdul for this job and helped him earn his first wages. Abdul felt a great surge of pride when he earned his own money for the first time. He was beside himself with joy.
What relationship did Kalam have with his three friends- Ramanadha Sastry, Aravindan and Sivaprakasan.
Kalam had three close friends-Ramanadha Sastry, Aravindan and Sivaprakasan to his childhood. These boys were from orthodox Hindu Brahmin families. As children, none of them ever felt any difference amongst themselves because of their religious differences and upbringing. At school when Abdul was looked utterly downcast, Ramanadha felt much and wept. The feeling was great.
Describe the circumstances that led to Kalam’s punishment by his new teacher when he was in standard fifth.
When Kalam was in the standard fifth then a new teacher came. He found a Muslim student sitting beside a Hindu student. He could not stomach a Hindu priest’s son sitting with a Muslim boy. In accordance with his social ranking as a new teacher saw it. He was asked to go and sit on the backbench.
How was the teacher compelled to withdraw the punishment inflicted on A. P.J. Abdul Kalam?
Lakshman Sastry summoned the teacher, and in the presence of the children and their parents, he told the teacher that he should not spread the poison of social inequality and communal intolerance in the minds of innocent children. He bluntly asked the teacher to either apologise or quit school. The teacher realised it and thus he was compelled to withdraw his fault.
How did Kalam’s science teacher, Sivasubramania Iyer, try to break social barriers in the small town of Rameswaram?
Kalam’s science teacher Sivasubramania Iyer invited Kalam to have a meal in his house. His wife was very upset to sec a Muslim boy in her kitchen and did not help her husband. She was an orthodox woman. She hated him. The science teacher himself serve the boy and sat beside him for his meal. In fact, lie tried to light against the social harries in the small town of Rameswaram. Next time when Kalam visited the teacher’s house his wife took him inside her kitchen and served him food with her own hands. Thus he tried to break social barriers in the small town of Rameswaram.
Comprehension Based Questions with Answers
1. I was born into a middle-class Tamil family in the island town of Rameswaram in the erstwhile Madras State. My father, Jainulabdeen, had neither much formal education nor much wealth; despite these disadvantages, he possessed great innate wisdom and true generosity of spirit. He had an ideal helpmate in my mother, Ashiamma. I do not recall the exact number of people she fed every day, but I am quite, certain that far more outsiders ate with us than all the members of our own family put together.
I was one of many children – a short boy with rather undistinguished looks, born to tall handsome parents. We lived in our ancestral house, which was built in the middle of the nineteenth century. It was a fairly large pucca. house, made of limestone and brick, on the Mosque Street in Rameswaram. My austere father used to avoid all inessential comforts and luxuries. However, all necessities were provided for, in terms of food, medicine or clothes. In fact, I would say mine was a very secure childhood, both materially and emotionally.
- Name the lesson and its author?
- Mention two qualities of Abdul’s father?
- Who was Ashima and what did she do for her husband?
- Which expression shows.that the writer was not a handsome boy?
- How can you say that Abdul’s father was an austere man?
- What material protection did the writer have as a child?
- Which words in the passage mean the following
(a) plain and simple
- The name of this lesson is My Childhood and its author is Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam.
- Abdul’s father was wise and generous.
- Ashima was the wife of Abdul Kalam’s father. She helped her husband. She fed many people other than her family every day.
- The expression — ’a short boy with rather undistinguished looks’ shows that the writer was not a handsome boy.
- He used to avoid all unnecessary comforts and luxuries. This shows that he was an austere man.
- He got all the necessities – food, medicine and clothes. It shows that he was materially protected.
- (a) austere
2. second World War broke out in 1939 when I was eight years old. For reasons I have never been able to understand, a sudden demand for tamarind seeds erupted in the market. I used to collect the seeds and sell them to a provision shop on Mosque Street. A day’s collection would fetch me the princely sum of one anna. My brother-in-law Jallaluddin would tell me stories about the War which I would later attempt to trace in the headlines in Dinamani. Our area, being isolated, was completely unaffected by the War. But soon India was forced to join the Allied Forces and something like a state of emergency was declared. The first casualty came in the form of the suspension of the train halt at Rameswararq station: The newspapers now had to be bundled and thrown out from the moving train on the Rameswaram Road between Rameswaram and Dhanus Rodi that forced my cousin Samsuddin, who distributed newspapers in Rameswaram, to look for a helping hand to catch the bundles and, as if naturally, I filled the slot. Samsuddin helped me earn my first wages. Half a century later, lean still feel the surge of pride in earning my own money for the first time.
- Name the countries that made the Allied forces?
- What was the casualty?
- What does ‘filled the slot’ imply?
- What was the writer’s first job in life?
- Which word/words in the passage mean the following?
- The four countries, the U.K., Russia, France and the U.S.A formed the Allied Forces.
- The halt of train at Rameswaram had been suspended.
- ‘Filled the slot’ implies fitting into the situation.
- The writer’s first job was to catch the bundles of news-papers from running train.
- (a) halt
(b) helping hand.
3. Every child is born, with some inherited characteristics, into a specific socio-economic and emotional environment, and trained in certain ways by figures of authority. I inherited honesty and self-discipline from my father; from my mother, I inherited faith in goodness and deep kindness and so did my three brothers and sister. I had three close friends in my childhood-Ramanadha Sastry, Aravindan and Sivaprakasan. All these boys were from orthodox Hindu Brahmin families. As children, none of us ever felt any difference amongst ourselves because of our religious differences and upbringing. In fact, Ramanadha Sastry was the son of Pakshi, Lakshmana Sastry, the high priest of The Rameshwaram Temple, later he took over the priesthood of Rameswaram temple from his father; Aravindan went into the “business of arranging transport for visiting pilgrims; and Sivaprakasan became a catering contractor for the Southern Railways.
- Who do ‘figures of authority’ stand for in the first sentence?
- Mention four qualities of character that the writer inherited from his parents.
- Who were Abdul Kalam’s friends?
- Which religion did the writer’s friends belong to?
- Which words in the passage mean the opposite of
- The figures of authority’ here stand for the responsible elders of the family or society.
- The writer inherited-from his parents- ‘self-discipline, honesty, faith in goodness and kindness’.
- Abdul Kalam’s three fast friends were-Ramanaiha Sastry, Aravindan and Sivaprakasan.
- Writer’s trends belong to Hindu religion.
- Opposites of common are ‘specific’ and ‘disbelief is ‘faith’.
4. During the annual Shri Sita Rama Kalyanam ceremony, our family used to arrange boats with a special platform for carrying idols of the Lord from the temple to the marriage site, situated in the middle of the pond called Rama Tirtha which was near our house. Events from the Ramayana and from the life of the Prophet were the bedtime stories my mother and grandmother would tell the children in our family. One day when I was in the fifth standard at Rameswaram Elementary School, a new teacher came to our class. I used to wear a cap which marked me as a Muslim, and I always sat in the front row next to Ramanadha Sastry, who wore the sacred thread. The new teacher could not stomach a Hindu priest’s son sitting with a Muslim boy. In accordance with our social ranking as the new teacher saw it, I was asked to go and sit on the backbench. I felt very sad, and so did Ramanadha Sastry. He looked utterly downcast as I shifted to my seat in the last row. The image of him weeping when I shifted to the last row left a lasting impression on me.
- What did Abdul’s family do on the annual Shri Sita Ram Kalyanam ceremony?
- Who did tell Abdul Rama’s story?
- What does ‘could not stomach’ imply here?
- What could the new teacher not stomach?
- What was the reaction of the writer and his friend when the writer was asked to sit separately on the backbench?
- Which image of Ramanadha Sastry could the writer never forget?
- Which words in the passage mean the following:
(a) very sad
(b) something you can never forget.
- During the annual Shri Sita Ram Kalyanam ceremony, Kalam’s family used to arrange boats with a special platform for carrying idols of the Lord from the temple to the marriage site in the middle of the pond called Rama Tirtha.
- Abdul’s mother and grandmother would tell him the stories of Ramayana.
- It implies ‘could not tolerate’ here.
- He could not stomach that a Muslim boy would sit with the son of a Hindu priest.
- Both my friends felt very sad.
- The writer could never forget the image of weeping Ramanathan.
- (a) utterly downcast
5. After school, we went home and told our respective parents about the incident. Lakshmana Sastry Summoned the teacher, and in our presence, told the teacher that he should not spread the poison of social inequality and communal intolerance in the minds of innocent children. He bluntly asked the teacher to either apologise or quit school. The teacher did not regret his behaviour, but the strong sense of conviction Lakshmana Sastry conveyed ultimately reformed this young teacher.
- Which incident is referred to here?
- What did the new teacher do?
- What did Lakshman Sastry ask the new teacher to do?
- What was the effect of Lakshman Sastry’s words and action on the new teacher?
- Which words in the passage mean the following:
(b) feel sorry.
- The incident referred to here is when the new teacher asked Abdul Kalam to sit separately from his friend and shift to the back row.
- He spread the poison of social inequality and communal intolerance among innocent children.
- He asked him either to beg pardon or leave the school rather the island.
- The new teacher realised his mistake and changed his attitude thus he was reformed.
- (a) conviction
6. On the whole, the small society of Rameswaram was very rigid in terms of the segregation of different social groups. However, my science teacher Sivasubramania Iyer, though an orthodox Brahmin with a very conservative wife, was something of a rebel. He did his best to break social barriers so that people from varying backgrounds could mingle easily. He used to spend hours with me and would say, “Kalam, I want you to develop so that you are on par with the highly educated people of the big cities.”
- Which expression shows that the society of Rameswaram believed in having differed social groups?
- In which sense the writer’s science teacher was a rebel?
- What did the science teacher do?
- What did he want Abdul Kalam to grow up as?
- Which word? in the passage mean the following?
(b) not openminded.
- The expression – ‘very rigid in terms of segregation of different social groups shows that the society of Rameswaram believed in having different social groups.
- He did not believe in separate social groups. He wanted them to break up and the people to mix up among themselves.
- He tried to break up the social boundaries and bring the people of different social groups together.
- He wanted him to develop and be equal to the highly educated people of the cities.
- (a) barries
7. One day, he invited me to him for a meal. His wife Was horrified at the idea of a Muslim boy being invited to dine in her ritually pure kitchen. She refused to serve me in her kitchen. Sivasubramania Iyer was not perturbed, nor did he get angry with his wife, but instead, served me with his own hands and sat down beside me to eat his meal. His wife watched us from behind the kitchen door. I wondered whether she had observed any difference in the way I ate rice, drank water or cleaned the floor after the meal. When I was leaving his house, Sivasubramania Iyer invited me to join him for dinner again the next weekend. Observing my hesitation, he told me not to get upset, saying, “Once you decide to change the system, such problems have to be confronted.” When I visited his house the next week, Sivasubramania Iyer’s wife took me inside her kitchen and served me food with her own hands. Then the Second World War was over and India’s freedom was imminent. “Indians will build their own India,” declared Gandhiji. The whole country was filled with unprecedented optimism. I asked my father for permission to leave Rameswaram and study at the district headquarters in Ramanathapuram.
- How can you say that the writer was invited to dinner before also?
- Why was the writer hesitant to accept the invitation the second time?
- What different did Abdul Kalam find when he went for dinner in Mr. Iyer’s house the second time?
- What was the hope of the Indian people after the Second World War ended?
- What did Gandhiji declare?
- Which words in the passage mean the following :
- The use of the word ‘again’ show that he was invited to dinner before also.
- His previous experience showed that he was not a welcome guest for his wife so he hesitated to accept the invitation for the dinner second time.
- His science teacher’s wife who on the previous occasion had refused to a Muslim guest that too in her kitchen. This time served him food with her own hands in her kitchen.
- Indians hoped that soon India would get her freedom.
- Gandhiji declared “Indians will build their own India.”
- (a) confronted
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