Bihar Board 12th English The Story of English Important Questions

Bihar Board 12th English The Story of English Important Questions Question 1. Write a short note on the importance of English as an international language of business, commerce and culture. . Answer: English is the language of the Anglo-Saxon invaders who settled in Britain from the fifth century onwards. But today it has become the most widely spoken language today on earth, with every tenth person in the world employing it as his primary tongue. Today it is used by more than 400 million people as the primary means of communication, and nearly one in every four persons in the world today could be reached by it in some degree. Its speakers cover one-fifth of the globe. The following statistics speak for themselves (A) More than 70% of the world’s mail is written and addressed in English. More than 60% of the world’s radio programmes are in English. (B) Throughout Africa and the Middle East English serves as the lingua franca. (C) Today English is taught in all schools and colleges in Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, The Netherland, Austria, Portugal, Greece, Turkey and Japan. (D) Throughout Asia and Latin America, English is spoken and understood almost everywhere except in the…

Preface to Bombay London New York Summary Questions and Answers

Preface to Bombay London New York Summary Questions and Answers Question 1. Write down a Summary of the preface to Bombay – London – Newyork. Answer: The present essay is a fine exercise in unravelling the thoughts of an upcoming writer. We enter into a writer’s formative years, his gropings into the bygone days when literature was patronized by kings and caliphs. And yet it is also full of his disgust over the present cultural decline. Particularly in the course of his visit to the Khudabaksh Library in Patna the writer is drawn towards the changes of a writer’s world, the difficulties of writing and its rewards spread over a vast expanse of time. The library takes the mind of the author to both the glorious past of Patna and its present sad decline. He visits the library with Surendra Gopal, an eminent historian who recounts not only the history of ancient Pataliputra but also of the modern Patna—the launching pad of Gandhiji’s movement and the J. P. movement against the misrule of the Congress. But sadly that spirit seems to be completely missing. Rather the author remembers a personal experience—how her mother was operated upon in P.M.C.H. in the…

Cold Wave Summary Questions and Answers

Cold Wave Summary Questions and Answers Question 1. Write down a Summary of Cold Wave. Answer: K.A. Abbas was among those few Indian writers who were deeply influenced by Marxism. A versatile person who wrote stories for several successful films, he reveals in his writings a touching concern for the poor, their simple and honest way of living, and the exploitation they are continuously subjected to. The present story is about an idealistic young man of an affluent family who is disowned by his father for his love for Radha, a dancing girl Nirmal, the handsome protagonist of the story, is a poet who little cared for the worldly prospects. He never knew that his father would not permit him to marry Radha, the beautiful dancing girl of the town. When the father threatened to disown him, Nirmal immediately left his palatial house. He came to the house of Radha with the fervent hope that she would be as devoted to him as he was to her — he tHoiiglit the two could get some job which would help them live independently. But Radha’s reactions were quite different — She refused to have anything to do with a young man…

A Trick Summary Questions and Answers

A Trick Summary Questions and Answers Question 1. Write down a Summary of A Trick. Answer: A Trick is a short story written by Prof. R.K. Sinha, the eminent English teacher of Patna University. In this story he writes about a trick played upon a young man by his friend and its impact on him as well as the narator himself. Like the writer, the narrator is a student of English literature. He and his friend, Mr. Varma, have appeared at an examination. There are a very few very brilliant students in the class, including these two. So the atmosphere is very competitive. One day the narrator congratulates Mr. Varma, saying that he has topped in the examination. The latter is incredulous; but the same thing is repeated in such enthusiastic tones by some friends of the narrator that Mr. Varma is convinced of the truth. However, to as certain the truth he visits, along with his friend, Kamla, to Prof. Chatterjee’s house. The cryptic laughter of the professor is sufficient to make Mr. Varma understand that a trick has been played. Naturally, Mr. Varma is very angry with the narrator. He sent the ward servant with a ship of…

Teaching of English in India Summary Questions and Answers

Teaching of English in India Summary Questions and Answers Question 1. Write down a Summary of teaching of English in India. Answer: Prof. Amamath Jha, the celebrated teacher of English, was a great educationist whose services were accordingly used by the government of India. He served as teacher in and Vice-Chancellor of Allahabad University and also as chair man of Bihar Public Service Commission. The cause of English was dear to his and in his own way created institutions and teachers devoted to the proper teaching of English language and literature in India. In the present essay he touches upon some fundamental draw backs which the teaching of English suffers in Indian Schools and Colleges. Saddy, the circumstances have not completely altered. It is high time the message of the essay in understood by those who are in charge of die teaching of English in different states of India. First of all, Prof. Jha speaks of the unqualified teachers being appointed in Primary Schools to teach English. The result is that the teaching is unsatisfactory and slipshod. During his most impressionable years the child receives bad nutrition. He learns incorrect pronunciation which leads to defective spelling — loin or lion,…

Marriage is a Private Affair Summary Questions and Answers

Marriage is a Private Affair Summary Questions and Answers Question 1. Write down a summary of Marriage Is A Private Affair. Answer: Chinua Achebe is the most influential African writer who has presented in his novels and short stories an authetic account of the African society, especially the conflict between tradition and modernity. In this short story also we have this very theme presented in a poignant manner. Nnaemeka and Neve, belonging to two different tribes, meet in Lagos and decide to marry. But as Nnaemeka knows that his father, Okeke, would not agree to this he postpones communication of this fact to him by post or direct means. When he arives at home for a short vocation Okeke tells him that they have selected Ugoye, the eldest daughter of their neighbour, as his wife. But very firmly does Nnaemeka refuse to marry the girl chosen by his parents. This shocks Okeke; and in a fit of anger he stops speaking to him. When Nnaemeka’s intention of marrying a girl from other tribe is known to other villagers they are mortified and express great sympathy for Okeke. They even suggest that the local medicine man should be consulted and Nnaemeka…

Bihar Board Class 12th English Important Questions Poetry Section

Bihar Board Class 12th English Important Questions Poetry Section Question 1. What similarities does the poet draw between two human beings ? Answer: The ppt discovers that the physical constitution of two human beings is the same. The two are made of same kind of atoms. This is actually a scientific idea — the basic physical constituents of two persons are the same. The differences are superficial and of no material value. Once this similarity is clearly perceived there will be no scope of difference. All external barriers will breakdown and the oneness of mankind will prevail. But Walt Whitman uses this scientific idea merely in the beginning; when he suggests the identity of assumptions of two persons he speaks actually of a spiritual foundation of all life. It is this single spirit that exists in all and is responsible for all consciousness and activity. Question 2. Explain the line: ‘Hoping to cease not till death.’ Answer: In spite of his spiritual training wait Whitman is aware of his mortality, the fate which no man can escape. And so very cautiously he adds that he would continue to believe in himself and to sing till he dies. That is, only…

Critical Appreciation of The Poem My Grandmother’s House

Critical Appreciation of The Poem My Grandmother’s House Question 1. Write a critical appreciation of My Grandmother’s House. Answer: Joint family system in which old persons were heads has been a reality in India till recent years, especially during the pre-independence period. Many people still recall with nostalgia the love and security they enjoyed in the atmosphere of a joint family household. In the present poem, Kamala Das, makes the speaker recall her life in the house of her grand mother. When she says the grandmother’s house she means the house in which the old grandmother was the head. She begins by telling us first that she received love there. Of all the things that she may have got there she lists love as the most precious gift. The implication is that love is getting scarce and scarce. It is openly expressed in the last lines of the poem where the poet speaks of her present condition in which she is begging for love at the doors of the strangers. Abruptly then the speaker announces the death of the grandmother and the deadly transformation of the house that followed it. The house became silent and turned into an abode of…

Critical Appreciation of The Poem Snake

Critical Appreciation of The Poem Snake Question 1. Write a critical appreciation of the poem Snake. Answer: William Blake was the first poet to write on tiger and make his readers understand the mysterious designs of God’s creativity. Lawrence’s aim is realistic: by recalling a personal encounter with a Sicilian snake he wishes his readers to understand the beauty and dignity of a creature that is fearful but fascinating. A snake is considered very dangerous. The first impulse of a man on seeing a snake is to hit it instantly in such a way as to finish it. The poet debates this approach on the basis of a personal experience. He saw a large snake slithering to the mouth of a water tank to quench its thirst on a hot summer day. The poet is also making way to the tank for having a glassful of water. He has to pause when he sees this beautiful snake dipping its mouth in the tank. The snake has reached earlier, the poet must wait for his turn. It is now a moment of conflict – a conflict between conventional notions and sudden illuminations, flashes of light. However, the poet could not entirely…

Critical Appreciation of The Poem Fire Hymn

Critical Appreciation of The Poem Fire Hymn Question 1. Attempt a critical appreciation of Fire Hymn. Answer: Fire has been an object of worship in many religious communities of the world. It is the subject of many hymns in the Vedas. It is inspiring to find a modem Indian poet, Keki N. Daruwala, to write a fire hymn. It certainly differs from the traditional reverential approach; but in so far as the poem records the scenes of death and destruction and touches upon personal associations it makes us note the supernatural aspect of fire. A very important thing is the dwelling’ on the Zoroastrian belief in the divinity of fire. The poet remembers the statement of his father. Which is hardly private — it is a reiteration of communal belief. The poet as a child remains unconvinced. But as deaths in the family force him to consign the dead bodies to fire he has a personal experience of the fire’s potency. The rebellious attitude of the poet is no less significant. It cannot be the last statement; but it will certainly let him evolve a more rational view of fire in course of time. The poem begins with the recollection…

Critical Appreciation of The Poem Macavity: The Mystery Cat

Critical Appreciation of The Poem Macavity: The Mystery Cat Question 1. Attempt a critical appreciation of My Grandmother’s House. Answer Among the several pleasures enjoyed by the people who belonged to the generation of Kamala Das the most important was certainly the state of living with one’s grandparents. The enjoyments of childhood were doubled when grandparents were around. They gave unstinted love to children and spent more time with them, telling them stories and attending to their needs. Kamala Das pays a tribute to her loving grandmother in this poem when she remembers the idyllic days she spent in her grandmother’s louse. The grandmother is chiefly remembered through the house she kept, the things that the house possessed and the strong emotional association that Kamala Das formed with them. Written in free verse the poem is virtually an unrolling of the scenes vividly preserved in the minds, camera. But first of all Kamala Das talks of receiving love. This is most important- the grandmother’s house may not be valuable as a piece of architecture, but it was a storehouse of love. In everything of the house these was the impression of love, of fulfillment of desires, and of absolute freedom.…